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Dentures, also known as dental prosthetics, are removable appliances designed to replace missing teeth and surrounding tissues. Here is a brief overview of dentures and their treatment process:

Types of Dentures:

  1. Complete Dentures:Full dentures are used when all teeth in the upper or lower jaw are missing.
    They consist of a flesh-colored acrylic base that supports a complete set of artificial teeth.

  2. Partial Dentures:Partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain.
    They consist of a metal or acrylic framework with artificial teeth attached, designed to fit around existing teeth.

  3. Immediate Dentures:Immediate dentures are placed on the same day that teeth are extracted.
    They provide immediate aesthetics and function but may require adjustments as the gums heal.

  4. Overdentures:Overdentures are designed to fit over a small number of remaining natural teeth or dental implants.
    They provide increased stability and retention.

Treatment Process:

  1. Consultation and Examination:The process begins with a consultation with a dentist or prosthodontist.
    A thorough examination is conducted, including X-rays, impressions, and discussions about treatment options.

  2. Impressions and Measurements:Impressions of the jaw and measurements of the mouth are taken to create custom-fitted dentures.
    These impressions ensure that the dentures will fit comfortably and securely.

  3. Tooth Extraction (if necessary):In cases where remaining natural teeth need extraction, this step is performed before denture fabrication.
    Immediate dentures may be placed on the same day as extractions.

  4. Trial Fitting (Wax Try-In):Before the final dentures are produced, a wax try-in is performed.
    Patients can evaluate the fit, appearance, and bite of the dentures during this stage.

  5. Final Denture Fabrication:Based on feedback from the wax try-in, the final dentures are fabricated.
    The artificial teeth are set in a pink or gum-colored acrylic base.

  6. Adjustments and Final Placement:The dentist makes any necessary adjustments to ensure a proper fit and bite.
    Once adjustments are complete, the final dentures are placed.

Care and Maintenance:

  1. Daily Cleaning:Dentures should be cleaned daily to remove plaque, bacteria, and stains.
    Use a soft-bristle toothbrush or denture brush and mild soap or denture cleaner.

  2. Soaking Overnight:Dentures should be soaked in a denture-cleaning solution or water overnight to maintain their shape.

  3. Regular Check-ups:Regular dental check-ups are essential for monitoring the fit of dentures and addressing any changes in oral health.

  4. Handling with Care:Handle dentures carefully to avoid breakage.
    Remove and clean them over a soft surface, like a folded towel, to prevent damage if dropped.

  5. Adhesives (if necessary):Some denture wearers may choose to use denture adhesives for added stability.
    Consult with the dentist before using adhesives.

Adjustments and Relining:

  1. Tissue Changes:Over time, the gums and jawbone may change shape, affecting the fit of dentures.
    Regular adjustments or relining may be needed to maintain a comfortable fit.

  2. Replacements:Dentures may need to be replaced every 5-10 years or when significant changes in the mouth occur.


Dentures provide a practical and cost-effective solution for individuals with missing teeth, restoring aesthetics, and function. The treatment process involves careful planning, customization, and adjustments to ensure a comfortable fit. Proper care and regular dental check-ups are crucial for maintaining the longevity and effectiveness of dentures.

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