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Dental crowns, also known as dental caps, are prosthetic devices that cover a damaged or weakened tooth to restore its shape, size, strength, and improve its appearance. Here's an overview of the dental crown treatment process:

1. Initial Examination and Diagnosis:

  • The process begins with a thorough examination of the affected tooth.

  • X-rays may be taken to assess the extent of damage and determine the overall health of the tooth and surrounding structures.

2. Treatment Planning:

  • Based on the examination, the dentist develops a treatment plan, which may include the placement of a dental crown.

  • The treatment plan considers factors such as the location of the tooth, the extent of damage, and the patient's oral health.

3. Tooth Preparation:

  • Before placing the crown, the tooth is prepared by removing any decayed or damaged portions.

  • In cases where the tooth is severely damaged or has undergone root canal treatment, additional tooth structure may be removed to create space for the crown.

4. Impressions:

  • An impression of the prepared tooth is taken to create a mold.

  • The mold is sent to a dental laboratory where the custom crown will be fabricated.

5. Temporary Crown (if necessary):

  • While waiting for the permanent crown to be made, a temporary crown may be placed to protect the prepared tooth.

  • Temporary crowns are usually made from acrylic or stainless steel.

6. Crown Fabrication:

  • The dental laboratory uses the impressions to fabricate the permanent crown.

  • Crowns can be made from various materials, including porcelain, ceramic, metal alloys, or a combination of materials.

7. Crown Selection and Color Matching:

  • For front teeth, the color of the crown is matched to the natural teeth for a seamless appearance.

  • The dentist may work with the patient to select the appropriate color and material for the crown.

8. Crown Placement:

  • Once the permanent crown is ready, the temporary crown is removed, and the final crown is placed on the prepared tooth.

  • The fit and bite are carefully evaluated, and adjustments are made as needed.

9. Cementation:

  • The crown is permanently cemented onto the tooth once the fit is confirmed.

  • Excess cement is removed, and the bite is rechecked to ensure proper alignment.

10. Post-Crown Care:

  • Patients are provided with care instructions for their new crown.

  • Good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, are essential to maintain the health of the crowned tooth and surrounding gums.

Types of Dental Crowns:

  1. Porcelain or Ceramic Crowns:Provide a natural appearance and are suitable for front teeth.
    May be fused to metal for added strength.

  2. Metal Crowns:Made from alloys containing gold, palladium, or other metals.
    Known for durability and longevity but may not be suitable for visible areas.

  3. Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns:Combine the strength of metal with the aesthetics of porcelain.
    Suitable for both front and back teeth.

  4. All-Ceramic or All-Porcelain Crowns:Offer excellent aesthetics with no metal substructure.
    Ideal for front teeth.


  • Location of the Tooth: The visibility of the tooth influences the choice of crown material.

  • Functional Requirements: The biting forces and functional demands in different areas of the mouth may impact material selection.

  • Aesthetics: Patient preferences for natural appearance are considered when choosing crown materials.


Dental crowns are a versatile and effective solution for restoring damaged teeth, providing strength, function, and aesthetics. The choice of crown material depends on various factors, and dentists work collaboratively with patients to select the most suitable option. With proper care, dental crowns can last for many years, enhancing both the form and function of the treated tooth. Regular dental check-ups are essential to monitor the health of crowned teeth and address any issues promptly.

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